Country: CYPRUS   Map   Flag   National Anthem: “Hymn to Liberty” Official Country Name: Republic of Cyprus Government Type: Unitary presidential representative Republic President Nicos Anastasiades of Cyprus is both head of state and head of government Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. Area: Total: 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq.mi) (162nd) Water (%) : 9 Population: Estimation of 2018: 1,189,265   Ethnic Groups: Greek Cypriots 78% , Turkish Cypriots 17% and others 5% (Armenians, Maronites and Russians)   Climate: Cyprus has a subtropical climate – Mediterranean with very mild winters (on the coast) and warm toContinue Reading

Country: SENEGAL Map   Flag   National Anthem: “Le Lion Rouge”, written by Léopold Sédar Senghor, music by Herbert Pepper.   Official Country name: Senegal (/ˌsɛnɪˈɡɔːl, -ˈɡɑːl/)   Government Type: Unitary Presidential Republic President: Macky Sall President of the National Assembly: Moustapha Niassen Chief Justice: Ismalia Madior Fall   Area Total: 196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi) (86th) Water: 2.1 (%)   Population 15,854,323   Ethnic groups Wolof (41.3%), Fula (17.8%), Serer (15.7%), Mandinka (14.0%), Jola (3.7%), Soninke (1.1%), Other (7.4%)   Climate The climate is tropical, semi-arid in nature. There is a long dry season, from October to June, in theContinue Reading

Country: RUSSIA Map   Flag:      National Anthem: “Gosudarstvennyy Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii” (“State Anthem of the Russian Federation”) Official Country Name: Russian Federation Government Type: Presidential Republic with semi-presidential system President: Vladimir Putin Prime Minister: Mikhail Mishustin Area: Total: 17,098,246km2 Water (%) : 13 Population: Estimation of 2020: 146,745,098 Ethnic Groups: Russians 80.9% , Tatars 3.9% , Ukrainians 1.4% Climate: The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extremeContinue Reading

Country MALTA Map   National Anthem (audio) Flag Official Country name Republic of Malta (Maltese: Repubblika ta’ Malta) Government Type Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic President: George Vella Prime Minister: Robert Abela Legislature: House of Representatives Area Total: 316 sq km; 122 sq miles Water: 0.001 Population 494,000 Ethnic groups 79% Maltese 21% Non-Maltese Climate Malta has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers, hotter in the inland areas. Rain occurs mainly in autumn and winter, with summer being generally dry. Capital Valletta Main cities Mdina, Birgu, Sliema, St. Paul’s Bay, Mosta Official and National  Language Maltese and EnglishContinue Reading

Country: MALI Map Flag   National Anthem ( Government Type Absolute monarchy President : Ibrahin Boubacar Keita (RPM) Prime Minster : Boubou Cissè House Speaker: Boubou Cissè Chief Justice : Boubou Cissè Area Total : 1.240.142 km2 ( 24 ) Water : 1,6 (%)   Population : 20,250,833   Ethnic Groups: Bambara (34%), Fulani ( 14,5 %), Sarakole ( 11%), Senufo ( 10,5%), Dogon ( 9%), and Malinke ( 8,5%), Tuareg group (1%), Fube:14,7%   Climate   The Malian climate is different. From the sub-tropical humid climate in the South to dry climate in the North, but it is mainlyContinue Reading

Country: Iran Map    Flag Official Country Name Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian:ايران‎) Government Type Theocractic and Presidential Democracy Supreme Leader of Iran: Ali Khamenei Presidency of the Islamic Republic of Iran: Hassan Rouhani Speaker of the Majlis[1]: Ali Larijani First deputy speaker: Masoud Pezeshkian Second Deputy Speaker: Ali Motahari Chief Justice: Ebrahim Raeisi   Population 83,024,745 Ethnic groups Ethnic groups: Persians 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurds 7%, Arabs 3%, Lurs 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%. Climate Iran has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. In mostContinue Reading

Country: Scotland Map Flag   National Anthem – Flower of Scotland (audio)   Official Country name: Scotland (Part of the United Kingdom) Alba (Scottish Gaelic Name) pronounced [ˈal̪ˠapə]   Government Type The Scottish Government is the devolved parliamentary legislature of Scotland within a constitutional monarchy, within a Sovereign State Legal jurisdiction – United Kingdom – Scotland. Scotland has the UK Monarch – Elizabeth II.   The government is led by the First Minister who selects the Cabinet Secretaries, Cabinet Ministers attend the Cabinet, and the Ministers with the approval of Parliament. All Government ministers to sit in parliament, and are accountableContinue Reading

Country: GREECE Map   Flag National Anthem: “Hymn to Liberty” [1] Official Country Name: Hellenic Republic, Ελλάδα or Ελλάς Government Type: Chaired Parliamentary Democracy President: Aikaterini Sakellaropoulou Prime Minister: Kyriakos Mitsotakis Area: Total: 131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi) (95th) Water: 0.8669 Population: Estimation of 2016: 11,183,716 Ethnic Groups: Albanians (445,000), Romani (205,000), Aromanians (200,000), Macedonian Slavs (150,000), Arvanites (95,000), Turkish (90,000), Pomaks (35,000). Climate: The climate of Greece is Mediterranean with summers that are usually hot and dry, and the winters that can be quiet cold and wet. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winterContinue Reading

Country: ERITREA   Map   Flag   National Anthem/ audio:   Official Country name: The State of Eritrea   Government Type Unitary one-party presidential republican totalitarian dictatorship President: Isaias Afwerki (the President officially serves as both head of state and the head of government); Legislature: National Assembly (the popularly elected National Assembly of 150 seats, formed in 1993 shortly after independence from Ethiopia, elected the current president, Isaias Afewerki); Party: the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice is the only political party legally permitted to exist in Eritrea;   Area The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2   Population Eritrea 2020 population is estimated at 3,546,421Continue Reading

Country: BANGLADESH Map   Flag National Anthem (audio) Official Country name গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṃlādēśa) (audio) Government Type Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic President: Abdul Hamid Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina House Speaker: Shirin Chaudhury Chief Justice: Syed Mahmud Hossain Area Total: 147,570 km2 (56,980 sq mi) (92nd) Water: 6.4(%) Population 161,376,708 Ethnic groups 98% Bengalis; Indigenous groups 2% Climate Bangladesh has a typical monsoon climate characterized by rain-bearing winds, moderately warm temperatures, and high humidity. Natural calamities, such as floods, tropical cyclones, tornadoes, and tidal bores occur almost every year, combined with the effects of deforestation, soil degradation and erosion. TheContinue Reading